Conflux Research Group | GHAST Mechanism: Adaptive Weight “GHAST” Explained

  1. The heaviest chain rule is applied, but the block has three different weights: 0, 1, X. Where X is a relatively large number, for example X = 1000 (ignoring the situation involving adjustment of mining difficulty).
  2. There are two types of blocks in the network: normal blocks and special blocks. The weight of the normal block is always 1; the weight of the special block is determined according to the difficulty of the block (Difficulty) — there are 1/X special block weights of X, while the rest are 0. Mining a normal block has the same difficulty as a special block.
  3. The block type is determined by the historical Tree-Graph structure of the block. As the generator of a block cannot arbitrarily specify the block type.
  4. In the absence of an attack, all newly generated honest blocks should become normal blocks; after the attacker conducts any kind of “liveliness attack” and continues for a long enough time, all newly generated honest blocks become special blocks.



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Conflux Network

Conflux Network


Conflux is a PoW + PoS hybrid first layer consensus blockchain for dApps that require speed at scale, without sacrificing decentralization.